ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability
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Water Supply and Distribution in Gwalior
The study involved a detailed assessment of the water supply and distribution system of the city of Gwalior. Although the overall water supply situation at the city level is reasonably adequate, there is a very poor distribution infrastructure creating a water crisis for the inhabitants of the city.

In the city, there are a greater number of households than water supply connections, indicating that either there are shared connections or households depend upon public stand posts. Since there are no bulk meters or meters at the user end for the city of Gwalior, estimating water usage is very difficult.

Cost recovery is a major concern in water supply. Although it is possible to achieve cost-recovery in water supply, the city is unable to recover even the O&M cost in this service. Public-private partnerships could reduce the financial burden of public agencies to some extent and bring in some financial discipline into this sector. While efforts have to be made to improve efficiency of water supply to reduce operating costs, maintenance of existing assets would help in reducing new investment requirements in the near future.

Water Supply and Distribution in Katni
A detailed assessment of the water supply and distribution system of Katni was conducted for the study. The overall water supply situation is reasonably inadequate in the city; the problem lies in the old & poor supply and distribution infrastructure.

Many households have their own sources of water supply while others complement own sources of supply with that of the public agency. Katni city does not have bulk meters or meters at the user’s end. Further, a large percentage of domestic connections are unmetered while a little above one-fourth non-domestic connections are also unmetered. The tariff data indicates that uniform volumetric charges and fixed charges are the most common methods of charging.

Public-private partnerships could reduce the financial burden of public agencies to some extent and bring in some financial discipline into this sector. While efforts have to be made to improve efficiency of water supply to reduce operating costs, maintenance of existing assets would help in reducing new investment requirements in the near future.
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