Integrated Water Resource Management in Baia Mare
August 28, 2007
Baia Mara (Romania) has embedded Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) into its long-term vision for local water management.
Baia Mare’s concept is based on the understanding that the core of an IWRM strategy should to be manage water resources according to the principles of sustainable development to ensure economic efficiency, social equity and environmental sustainability.
Thus, the development of integrated city planning under the Local Agenda 21 approach touches on many of the aspects of IWRM, such as the participation of local stakeholders, integration of water, energy and transport policies, and basin-level thinking. The Baia Mare experience also underlines the need for visionary and pro-active leaders in local government.
The Danube River Basin is the second largest river basin in Europe and covers more countries than any other basin in the world. Local governments in this region are working in a great diversity of geographical, social, economic, political and institutional circumstances.
Apart from Germany and Austria, the countries in the basin still have a relatively short history of decentralization. In these countries, local governments are confronted with a long list of tough challenges, such as rapidly shifting responsibilities, inadequate institutional and human resources, and a lack of data and information. At the same time, their responsibilities are growing from delivering water supply and wastewater management to having a more active involvement in other parts of the broader water cycle and components of IWRM.
A case study on Baia Mare’s IWRM is available from the LoGo Water project at www.iclei-europe.org/logowater.
ICLEI has an international freshwater Water Campaign that aims to build the capacity of local governments to reduce water consumption and improve local water quality. For more information on ICLEI’s Water Campaign, please visit www.iclei.org/water.
Baia Mare is one of 167 local governments in Europe that are currently Members of ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability. For more information on ICLEI and its activities in Europe, please visit www.iclei.org/europe.
Source: “Baia Mare embeds Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) in Local Agenda 21 Framework”, ICLEI European Circular, Summer 2007.
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