Global Standard on Cities Greenhouse Gas Emissions - C40 & ICLEI MoU
June 02, 2011
C40 and ICLEI to establish Global Standard on Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Cities
1 June 2011
Standard approach for accounting and reporting greenhouse gas emissions will boost cities ability to access funding and implement actions
Sao Paulo, Brazil: The C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) and ICLEI - Local
Governments for Sustainability, announced today at the C40 Cities Mayors Summit in Sao Paulo that the two organizations will establish a global standard for accounting and reporting community-scale greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that can be used across multiple platforms. This common approach will help local governments to accelerate their emission reduction activities whilst meeting the needs of climate financing, national monitoring and reporting requirements. The standard will be released in time for UNFCCC COP 17 in November (Durban, South Africa).
The standard, once developed, will result in consistent, robust and comparable city inventories. It will also allow for accurate monitoring of progress against emissions targets, facilitate robust climate action planning, and provide standard guidance as local governments pursue environmental review, inventory certification and other relevant policy making processes in their day-to-day operations.
The World Bank Group - in partnership with UN-HABITAT, UNEP, OECD - supports the establishment of this international standard.
"Cities of all sizes play an important role in combatting the impact of climate change. Establishing a single global standard for reporting greenhouse gas emissions will empower local governments to accelerate their actions and access funding for mitigation and adaptation projects," said C40 Chair, New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg. "This will enable new efficiencies and create a level playing field for comparing emissions across cities around the world."
The C40 and ICLEI are two of the leading organizations driving climate change action at a local level, and together represent over 1,200 megacities, towns and counties around the world. Currently, there are a number of different standards available for these local governments to measure and report community-scale GHG emissions, and many have resorted to establishing their own methodologies. Different bodies measuring emissions in different ways -- while vying for localities to adhere to one standard over another -- causes inconsistencies in reporting and lessens their ability to act.
"Accounting, reporting and managing local emissions are among the priority responsibilities of local governments" said David Cadman, Councillor of Vancouver and President of ICLEI.
"In the past 20 years, local climate action leveraged global efforts on climate change. Through their ambitious commitments, cities are once again moving the World and partnership between ICLEI and C40 will pave the way for measurable, reportable, verifiable local climate action."
Over the coming months, C40 and ICLEI will establish the common standard that will reflect:
- Policy Relevance: understanding the drivers of emissions, where local governments have the greatest opportunity to exert influence or control through local policies and programs.
- Comparability: allowing for comparisons, both within jurisdictions across time, and between jurisdictions with similar community characteristics.
- Consumption: promoting understanding of resident behavior Aggregation: enabling aggregation of community emissions at the sub-national or national level, without double counting of emissions sources.
C40 and ICLEI will incorporate the principles of major existing standards and frameworks, including the following: International Local Government GHG Emissions Analysis Protocol (IEAP-ICLEI), International Standard for Reporting Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Cities (World Bank, UN-HABITAT and UNEP), and European Commission Covenant of Mayors Baseline Emissions Inventory (BEI) guidelines.
Also being announced at the C40 Cities Mayors Summit is a World Bank Group and C40 partnership that will enable cities to tap into existing World Bank Group support for GHG reduction efforts. The creation of a common international standard for measuring and reporting GHG emissions will help the World Bank Group and other agencies to compare efforts and track city progress.
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About C40 Cities
The C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) is an organization of large and engaged cities from around the world committed to implementing meaningful and sustainable climate related actions locally that will help address climate change globally. To learn more about the work of C40 cities, please visit www.c40cities.org
About ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability
More than 1200 local governments and their associations, representing over 440 million people in 70 countries, constitute ICLEI's membership.
ICLEI is a global association of local governments and municipal organizations that have made a commitment to sustainable development. As a movement, ICLEI runs the world's largest climate program of cities that links local action to national goals and internationally agreed targets. ICLEI provides information, delivers training, organizes conferences, facilitates networking and city-to-city exchanges, carries out research and pilot projects, and offers technical services and consultancy.
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