ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability
Solar hoarding installed in Rajkot
The Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC) is considering making solar powered billboards mandatory. To serve as a pilot demonstration project, a 160 Wp solar powered bill board was designed for Rajkot under the UCP. The bill board is displayed at the RMC’s Central Zone office and was completed in June 2011.
Waste water reuse pilot project in Rajkot
Rajkot had adopted waste water reuse byelaws in a testing phase to check the on-ground benefits. A pilot project was adopted under the UCP, not only to showcase the benefits of implementing the byelaws, but also to showcase an innovative technology used in the implementation of this byelaw. Specifically, a 160 household residential township in Rajkot was chosen as the site of a pilot demonstration project in order to showcase the benefits of water conservation, reuse and management. The system was commissioned in May 2011 and is functioning well.
Greening Guidelines for Rajkot
The Rajkot Municipal Corporation, with the assistance of ICLEI SA under the Urban Climate project, undertook the preparation of greening guidelines for the city in order to increase green cover in the city strategically over a long term. The guidelines were prepared by external expert consultant.

The main tasks of this intervention were to
  • Develop a ‘Green Plan’ for Rajkot
  • Maximise green canopy cover
  • Evolve a menu of planting species
  • Formulate planting schedules and detailed design guidelines/ manual

The guidelines were developed to provide a comprehensive manual for RMC to increase green cover in their city, ranging from inception to execution. The main aspects covered were divided into three sections: organization, planning and implementation.

The main objectives of the different sections are to:
  • Establish a body with members drawn from all stakeholder organizations / institutions at all levels
  • Prepare a ‘Green Cover Development Plan’ for the City: to be an integral part of the General Development Plan (i.e., the Land Use, Infrastructure and Transportation Proposals)
  • Increase public participation and initiate city wide programs

Various measures and strategies are suggested to enable the RMC to achieve each of these objectives. Adopting the greening guidelines by RMC will enable a substantial reduction in carbon emissions across the city, and enable a holistic development of the city with sustainability and greening as a key focus area.
Green Building Codes for Rajkot
Recognizing the need for building sector energy consumption to be addressed at the local level across the entire city, in 2010, Rajkot municipal corporation (RMC) decided to undertake an exercise in the development of green building norms applicable for all building structures in order to set local benchmarks for minimum acceptable performance in water and energy usage in residential structures. A draft of the norms was completed in August 2010 under ICLEI South Asia’s Urban Climate project. Rajkot Municipal Corporation has been a leader in many environmental issues and the development of green building regulations was initiated by the city in keeping with their Vision 2020.

Main objectives of Green Building Norms for Rajkot:
  • maximum benefits to be obtained by building owners at minimum extra costs
  • Rajkot-specific regulations developed keeping in mind Rajkot’s local conditions and priorities
  • norms should be enforceable without RMC needing to building extra human resource capacity
  • Greater savings citywide in energy and water consumption
  • Maintain harmony with the GDCR 2004 regulations and RMC’s existing byelaws including the water recycling byelaws
  • Ensure that all aspects of building design/functions are attempted to at least a minimum level by each household/ building
Preparation of Detailed Project Reports (DPR): March 2010
DPRs are being prepared for implementation

  • Decentralized Wastewater Systems in an identified upcoming Residential Complex in Rajkot
  • A biogas digester to cater to the energy needs of a food industry, which shall substitute the LPG with biogas generated using the dung from the Panjrapole located within RMC limits.

The DPRs will be submitted to RMC shortly, for implementation  by the entrepreneurs. These projects will showcase the ease with which private players can gain from the implementation of energy efficient utilities and systems.
UCP team – Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC) Working Meetings on 16th and 17th September, 2009
The UCP team - Prof. Srinivas Chary Vedala, Dr. Bindu Madhav Uppaluri, Mr. Pravinjith KP, Soumya Chaturvedula and Rajesh Mehta met with officials and engineers of RMC to decide on the selection of proposed interventions and to chalk out a work plan for implementing the same. The decisions taken at the meeting include:
  1.  Decision to go ahead with Decentralized Wastewater Systems: ICLEI South Asia will arrange a study tour for 2-3 RMC engineers to study the working and implementation of these systems in already implemented projects in Bangalore. Currently RMC is in the process of identifying a suitable venture for establishing the decentralized WWTP and a detailed design for the area will be given by the UCP team subsequently.
  2. It has been agreed to assist RMC in initiating steps for implementing a 24 X 7 water supply pilot project: Practical steps for implementation of 24 X 7 water supply will be given by the UCP team. A study tour is being arranged for 2-3 engineers to visit sites where 24 X 7 water supply has been implemented. A template for management of NRW supply will also be prepared by the UCP team. Subsequently, RMC might decide to implement a 24 X 7 pilot project based on financial feasibility and selection of appropriate location. 
  3. SWM in Dairy Farms: It is proposed that a cattle management and cattle waste management and energy generation model will be developed, to serve as a pilot, for the “Panjarapole” cattle shelter, where around 3000 animals including over 2000 cattle are kept. A detailed study report is underway.  
Interventions outlined for Rajkot Municipal Corporation
ICLEI-SA UCP project team visited Rajkot during 20-21 of April 2009. The visiting team included Dr. Bindumadhav Uppaluri, Prof. Ravi Anand, Prof. Srinivas Chary, Mr. Pravinjith K P, Mr. Srinivas Rao, Ms. Soumya Chaturvedula, and Mr. Ashish R Ghorpade.

Dr. Brahambhatt, Commissioner, Rajkot Municipal Corporation; Core team members Mr. Bakul Rupani, Chief Town Planner; Ms. Alpana Mitra, Special Officer; and other officials at the RMC met with the team and shared preliminary information based on brief understanding of the infrastructure projects being implemented in Rajkot.

Based on our discussions with senior planning and implementation officials at the RMC, The UCP team has outlined a list of most favorable interventions for the RMC.  Based on suggestions from the RMC ICLEI-SA team will develop concept papers for the same. The preliminary concept papers are being developed at present and after further discussions with the City officials, ICLEI-SA will be interested to implement at least 5-10 interventions of these.

Urban Planning:
  • Greening the city- urban greening guidelines with details
  • Developing ecohousing Norms
  • Density and development norms…relook, especially for the BRT corridor

Water Supply:
  • 24X7 water supply augmentation ‘Pilot’.
  • Introducing energy efficiency in water supply.
  • Looking at the role of ESCOs for energy efficiency management of water supply system
  • Leakage Management Program – Developing a template for unaccounted for water

Waste Water Management:
  • Decentralizing waste water treatment system(reducing pressure on the designed STP) costs and bylaws
  • Co-combustion of municipal waste water and sewage sludge in digesters in new waste water treatment plant

Solid Waste Management:
  • Cattle management and related solid waste management issues – Scope for energy generation.

  • Provision of flyovers – Carbon footprint analysis
  • Design details of pedestrian footpath and cycle tracks

The Urban Climate Project team also visited Coimbatore City Corporation during 1-2 June and discussed their ongoing projects and possible interventions along with CMC officials.