ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability
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Climate Change Roadmap Developed for KMA region
The Department for International Development (DFID) of the British High commission (BHC) under its assistance to the Government of West Bengal on the Kolkata Urban Services for the Poor (KUSP) programme required technical consultancy support to create climate change awareness among urban managers (state-wide) and develop a climate change roadmap for Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA) urban local bodies (ULBs). ICLEI- Local Governments for Sustainability, South Asia provided consultancy services in this regard to the Change Management Unit of KUSP.

Phase 1 of the project involved creating awareness on climate change – fundamental concepts, likely impacts, possible mitigation and adaptation alternatives, and global experiences – among urban managers in West Bengal with a focus on KMA ULBs. This phase was implemented through a series of three regional level workshops at Siliguri, Durgapur and Kolkata, which resulted in an understanding of key areas of concern which could likely exacerbate the effects of climate change in the region. The second phase of the project focused on developing a climate change roadmap for the KMA region to mainstream climate change more effectively within developmental activities being carried out at state and ULB level. This roadmap document has now been completed and circulated to the KMA municipalities.

ICLEI SA prepared the roadmap based on inputs from the workshops and discussions with officials from ULBs in the region and officials from KUSP. This report presents the background information notes discussed in the workshops and a proposed roadmap for integrating climate change considerations into all planning activities in the KMA region.

The background information notes discussed in the workshops included a basic understanding of the concept of climate change and the causes, science and impacts of climate change with specific attention given to the vulnerability of West Bengal to climate change impacts, primarily due to its location and large population. The roadmap also outlines existing and proposed state level and local action plans, along with legal provisions and funding options from national level sources and other development aid organization which are available to ULBs for climate action. The roadmap presents ULBs with a step by step procedure for developing, implementing and monitoring Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation (CCMA) Local Action Plans (LAP). This roadmap for preparation of CCMA plans is based on the five milestone process developed by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability under its flag ship programme – Cities for Climate Protection (CCP). The five key steps to be followed for the development of the CCMA Local Action Plans include:

  1. Developing a baseline inventory of GHG emissions and conducting risk and vulnerability assessment studies for the ULBs; evaluating the energy efficiency of service provisions.
  2. Establishing a target to lower emissions/ prioritize areas for action and set goals for adaptation
  3. Developing a local climate action plan to implement actions that reduce GHG emissions/help communities adapt to changed climatic conditions
  4. Implementing the local action plan and monitoring for mid-course corrections
  5. Measuring, verifying, reporting and reviewing performance, feeding into the next cycle of developing renewed CCMA Local Action Plans


The roadmap also touches upon the role that the State Government of West Bengal will need to play in order to effect a state wide roll out of comprehensive climate change action plans. Recognizing the national framework existing in the country, the report serves to illustrate the relationship required between the state governments, national government and ULBs.

The report concludes with listing out the immediate steps required to be implemented in the coming year: implementing pilot initiatives in limited ULBs in order to facilitate hands- on understanding of the larger scale activities required to generate state level action plans and subsequent roll out to ULB level action plans. Key activities recommended in the report are:

Identification of 10 priority cities/ULBs - conducting a needs assessment and an information gap analysis for preparing climate change action plans. Baseline emission inventory, energy audits and vulnerability assessment are some of the activities that can be undertaken based on identification of priority sectors. Subsequently, setting benchmarks and preparing relevant mitigation and adaptation action plans for the short term, followed by subsequent integration into the proposed larger state wide climate change programme would be key activities.

  • Specific focus on coastal ULBs and identification of community and infrastructure vulnerability (vulnerability assessment) followed by developing appropriate adaptation and resilience strategies in 5 priority ULBs.
  • Integrating climate change framework into the guidelines for preparation of draft development plans under the KUSP programme.  Guidelines for preparation of the State of the Environment report should also address identification climate change related concerns.
  • Conducting a state level workshop for disseminating the recommendations of this study in order to generate awareness and capacity among officials of the State Government. Chair persons of key ULBs may also be invited to this workshop.   
Kolkata Workshop 12 April 2010
A one day workshop was organized in Kolkata to promote Climate Change Awareness among West Bengal Urban Local Bodies on 12 April 2010.  The workshop was organized by ICLEI South Asia in association with the Change Management Unit of Kolkata Urban Services for the Poor and supported by DFID.

The workshop was aimed at creating awareness on climate change including its fundamental concepts, likely impacts, possible mitigation and adaptation alternatives, and global experiences – among the urban managers in the KMA region, by sharing a brief document on Climate Change and the Role of ULBs in West Bengal. Discussions during the workshop will be used to develop a climate change roadmap for West Bengal ULBs to mainstream climate change more effectively within developmental activities being carried out at state and ULB level.

The workshop was inaugurated by Mr. Ashok Bhattacharya, Minister in Charge, Municipal Affairs and Urban Development, along with Mr. Gobinda Ganguly, Secretary of West Bangal Municipal Association, representatives of DFID, CMU and ICLEI SA. Representatives from more than 30 urban local bodies attended the workshop. The programme was introduced by Mr. Emani Kumar, ICLEI South Asia. Experts from Calcutta University and Jadavpur University presented on the issue of climate change and the relationship of urban local bodies with climate change and its impacts. Mr. Debal Roy from the Department of Environment, presented on the Threat to West Bengal from climate change and government actions beign taken to meet such threats. Mr. Biswajit Mukherjee from the West Bengal Pollution Control Board spoke on the legal aspects supporting ULB initiatives on climate change and environment. The Municipal Corporation of Howrah presented their activities on environment and formation of environment management plan.

There was an active discussion with the urban local bodies regarding the environmental and climate related challenges faced by them. It was decided to incorporate the information from the ULBs into the final document to be prepared by ICLEI South Asia on the roadmap for the ULBs in West Bengal to make it more inclusive and useful to the ULBs.

Various issues were identified by and for each ULB that may affect their ability to deal with climate change, ranging from the impact of mobile towers on the environment to water scarcity. ULBs also outlined issues upon which they were already taking action.
Durgapur Workshop 9 April 2009
A one day workshop was organized in Durgapur to promote Climate Change Awareness among West Bengal Urban Local Bodies on 9 April 2009.  The workshop was organized by ICLEI South Asia in association with the Change Management Unit of Kolkata Urban Services for the Poor and supported by DFID.

The workshop was aimed at creating awareness on climate change including its fundamental concepts, likely impacts, possible mitigation and adaptation alternatives, and global experiences – among the urban managers in West Bengal, by sharing a brief document on Climate Change and the Role of ULBs in West Bengal. Discussions during the workshop will be used to develop a climate change roadmap for West Bengal ULBs to mainstream climate change more effectively within developmental activities being carried out at state and ULB level.

The workshop was inaugurated by Mr. Amitava Banerjee, Joint Director, Local Bodies Burdwan District. Representatives from 39 urban local bodies attended the workshop. The programme was introduced by Ms. Bedoshruti Sadhukhan, ICLEI South Asia. Experts from Calcutta University and Jadavpur University presented on the issue of climate change and the relationship of urban local bodies with climate change and its impacts.

There was an active discussion with the urban local bodies regarding the environmental and climate related challenges faced by them. It was decided to incorporate the information from the ULBs into the final document to be prepared by ICLEI South Asia on the roadmap for the ULBs in West Bengal to make it more inclusive and useful to the ULBs.

Various issues were identified by and for each ULB that may affect their ability to deal with climate change, ranging from the impact of mobile towers on the environment to water scarcity. ULBs also outlined issues upon which they were already taking action.

To view the thematic presentations made by the experts at the workshop, please click on the following links:
Presentation 1
Presentation 2
Siliguri Workshop 29 March 2010
A one day workshop was organized in Siliguri to promote Climate Change Awareness among West Bengal Urban Local Bodies on 29 March 2010.  The workshop was organized by ICLEI South Asia in association with the Change Management Unit of Kolkata Urban Services for the Poor and supported by DFID.

The workshop was aimed at creating awareness on climate change including its fundamental concepts, likely impacts, possible mitigation and adaptation alternatives, and global experiences – among the urban managers in northern part of West Bengal, by sharing a brief document on Climate Change and the Role of ULBs in West Bengal. Discussions during the workshop will be used to develop a climate change roadmap for West Bengal ULBs to mainstream climate change more effectively within developmental activities being carried out at state and ULB level.

The workshop was inaugurated by Mr. Ashok Bhattacharya, Minister in Charge, Municipal Affairs and Urban Development, along with the Mayor of Siliguri Municipal Corporation and Joint Director Urban Local Bodies, Jalpaiguri Division. Representatives from 23 urban local bodies attended the workshop. The programme was introduced by Mr. Emani Kumar, ICLEI South Asia. Experts from Calcutta University and Jadavpur University presented on the issue of climate change and the relationship of urban local bodies with climate change and its impacts.

There was an active discussion with the urban local bodies regarding the environmental and climate related challenges faced by them. It was decided to incorporate the information from the ULBs into the final document to be prepared by ICLEI South Asia on the roadmap for the ULBs in West Bengal to make it more inclusive and useful to the ULBs.
      
Various issues were identified by and for each ULB that may affect their ability to deal with climate change, ranging from the impact of mobile towers on the environment to water scarcity.

To view the thematic presentations made by the experts at the workshop, please click on the following links:
Presentation 1
Presentation 2
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